Anonymous functions (closures) in PHP >= 5.3

According to the PHP documentation, anonymous functions, or closures, allow the creation of functions that haven’t got a specified name.

Simple example:

$greeting = function($name)
    printf("Hello %s\r\n", $name);

But in this example we’ll go a little further.
Imagine you have this array:

$users = array(
             array('id' => 1, 'name' => 'Steve', 'birthday' => '1984-02-17'),
             array('id' => 2, 'name' => 'Bill', 'birthday' => '1985-07-07'),
             array('id' => 3, 'name' => 'James', 'birthday' => '1974-11-17')

If we want to get the ids for each user, we would do something like this:

$ids = array();
foreach ($users as $user) {
    $ids[] = $user['id'];

But there is a much more elegant way to do this using anonymous functions (closures):

$ids = array_map(function ($user) {
    return $user['id'];
}, $users);

Much cleaner and elegant… Now we want to get the users who were born after 1980. Normally do this:

$filtered_users = array();
$start_date = strtotime('1980-01-01');
foreach ($users as $user) {
    if (strtotime($user['birthday']) >= $start_date) {
        $filtered_users[] = $user;

Now we will use again anonymous functions or closures:

$start_date = strtotime('1980-01-01');
$filtered_users = array_filter($users, function($user) {
    global $start_date;
    return strtotime($user['birthday']) >= $start_date;

These are just a few examples of anonymous functions or closures in PHP.

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